1990s Chaotic Somalia

1991

A US Marine Cadillac Gage Light Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle from the 3rd Light Armor Infantry Battalion (left) and Italian Soldiers in a Fiat-OTO Melara Type 6614 Armored Personnel Carrier (right) guard an intersection on the "Green Line" in Mogadishu.  The line divides the northern and southern part of the city and warring clans.  This mission is in direct support of Operation Restore Hope.

  • War broke out between two warlords. The conflict of both leaders, Mohamed Aideed and Ali Mohamed, ultimately led to suffering for the country’s residents. Thousands were killed or wounded as a result.
  • Warlord Ali Mohamed became President per his own declaration.

1992:

  • Another year passed and the state of Somalia hadn’t improved. The residents hadn’t found a way to resolve their conflicts and lack of governmental stability. Thus, it was decided in the western hemisphere that intervention was needed. This led to the intervention of the US Marines within the region. The US Marines took residence outside the country’s capital, Mogadishu. Their involvement was required prior to the arrival of the United Nations peacekeeping force within the chaotic state. Their duty was to restore order and protect the relief supplies provided.
  • Hundreds of thousands of Somalis were suffering primarily because of disease, starvation, and/or civil war. Images of this made it across televisions on the other side of the world through American media. The sitting United States president felt the pressure and compelled to provide emergency assistance through food and supplies. The United States was given approval by the United Nations to provide protection of the supplies from the warlords.

1993:

  • The intervention by the US troops hit a bump in the road. Conflict arose as US rangers were killed as a result of an attack. It occurred with the Somali militias shot down two of the United States’ helicopters. Thanks to this spark in conflict, hundreds of Somalis died.

1994:

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  • The conflict between the United States armed forces and Somali militia continued until the mission formally ended in 1994. The end of the mission served as a $1.7 billion dollar loss to the United States with 43 of their soldiers suffering a fatal death. It was totaled that about 153 soldiers suffered wounds from varying degrees.

1995:

  • The United Nations peacekeepers consequently left a year later as well. The continuous conflict between the countries and their forces is a prime example of the value of the mission. It was decided that the mission was a failure for the United Nations personnel.
  • The past three years of attempts locally and internationally were showing to be successful. The extreme fighting between local major factions were slowing down and becoming less intense. It seems like the intervention by the United Nations and efforts by local peace initiatives proved to be fruitful.

1996:

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  • Somalia’s suffering was met with a temporary reprieve during this year. The summer of 1996 was marked with the assassination of faction leader and military commander Mohamed Farah Aideed. He died of wounds sustained from a rival attack. This was something that numerous agencies within the US government failed to do. He was succeeded by his son, Hussein Aideed.

1998:

  • The northeast region of Somalia, Puntland, officially declared its autonomy.

1999:

  • About 250 miles west of Mogadishu, African country Ethiopia forces invaded GarbaHarre. Forces invaded in an attempt to dissolve the constant fighting among rivaling groups.

Hey there! I am a lifestyle blogger that has chosen to focus this blog on the struggles and accomplishments of the country, Somalia. I’ve always had a thing for history ever since secondary school.