19 May 2007 04:22


  • Title: [SW Country](UNDP)The Consolidated Appeal for Somalia in 2001
  • Posted by/on:[AMJ][Tuesday, November 5, 2000]


Humanitarian Context

Somalia has been without a central government for the best part of a decade. Much of that time has been dominated by localised factional rivalry, leading to violence and human suffering. Upheaval has also brought significant political and social change. Two regional administrations have emerged – 'Somaliland' and 'Puntland' – resulting in greater levels of peace and stability in northwestern and northeastern Somalia. On another level, women have been placed at the forefront of the socio-economic transition, despite continuing political marginalisation. 

In late 2000, a national peace process concluded with the formation of a Transitional National Government in Mogadishu. With a marked improvement in humanitarian conditions, and groundswell support for peace and reconciliation, Somalia has the opportunity to move away from factional and criminal violence toward stability, peace and protection of human rights. Nonetheless, Somalia remains one of the most difficult operating environments in the world.

United Nations agencies working in Somalia have formulated strategies for the year 2001 to meet humanitarian needs and support Somalia’s transition toward peace, stability and respect for human rights. The strategies address the continuing vulnerability of many Somali communities, ongoing assistance to 'Somaliland' and 'Puntland', and support to the Transitional National Government. To implement these strategies, UN Agencies are requesting US$101,532,300 for assistance to Somalia in 2001. 

As an immediate next step, UN agencies are now engaged in a full-fledged planning process with their partners in the Somalia Aid Coordination Body (SACB) to review and strengthen common sectoral standards and approaches. This process will result in a complete 2001 Consolidated Appeal for Somalia, by mid-January 2001.

The UN strategy for 2001

UN agencies will support the rehabilitation of livelihoods and the strengthening of emerging governance structures across Somalia. In close cooperation with SACB partners, UN assistance will support Somali populations affected by a decade of armed conflict and living in extreme poverty. Efforts will be made to capitalise on new opportunities for humanitarian access brought about by peaceful transition in order to increase targeted assistance to vulnerable communities.

Health and Nutrition: The continuing, high incidence of endemic diseases such as TB, malaria, cholera, respiratory infections, and kala azar, as well as pockets of severe malnutrition, give an indication of the importance of international assistance in this sector. 

Food Security: The short term bodes well: good rains have regenerated pasture and livestock, and total crop production for the main ‘gu’ harvest is the second largest in the post-war period. However, this temporary respite disguises underlying vulnerability and erosion of livelihoods caused by successive drought and conflict. Without further improvement in
their livelihood base many communities will face further food and water insecurity.

Water and Sanitation: Under normal conditions, it is estimated that less than 30% of Somalis have access to clean water. Poor access leads to higher prices (stretching poorer incomes to the limit) and greater distances in water collection (increasing the workload of women and girls). Diarrhoeal diseases, including cholera, and child malnutrition are related to limited access to safe water, poor hygiene and sanitation. 

Education: On average only one in ten children attend primary school. The rate of education declines further for children aged 14-18 years. In 1999, a UNICEF survey covering primary schools throughout Somalia indicated an enrolment rate of 65% for boys and 35% for girls. These statistics tell the simple story of a lost generation. 

Reintegration of Returnees: It is estimated that more than one million Somalis fled the country since conflict commenced in 1991. More than 350,000 Somali refugees are now estimated to be in camps established in neighbouring countries – Ethiopia, Kenya, Djibouti and Yemen. The present prevailing security conditions in many regions – particularly the northeast and northwest of Somalia – has prepared the way for the return of refugees and displaced populations. 

Human Rights and Gender: An indication of social breakdown is the number of children in need of special care and protection. Gender discrimination is also deeply rooted in the traditional socio-cultural structures of Somali society and remains a formidable barrier to women's control of political and economic resources. 

Transitional Governance: To support national and regional capacities provide effective governance and social services for civilian populations, UN agencies have adopted an integrated, multi-sectoral, and interagency approach. This will support peace and development through the rehabilitation of productive capacities, social and physical infrastructures, governance mechanisms, and institutional strengthening through the return of qualified nationals from the diaspora. 

Coordination and Security: Efforts are ongoing to increase cross-sectoral, field-based planning, programming and situation analysis. The UN is taking a lead role in developing humanitarian principles, minimum standards of operation and protection strategies. Complimentarily, the UN Security System is strengthening its abilities to assist UN agencies to take advantage of increasing field access. Throughout the year, security procedures, information sharing, staff training and the availability of communications and other equipment, will be enhanced. 

Assistance Requirements for CAP 2001


Food Security

Health and Nutrition

Water & Environmental Sanitation


Reintegration of Refugees and Resettlement of IDPs

Human Rights and Gender

Governance and Development
Mine Awareness
Return of Qualified Nationals

Support Services (co-ordination and security)










Total (US$)











For more information, please contact:
Bernard Harborne, Chief, UN Coordination Unit,
Email: bernard@undp.org

Sonya Laurence Green, Information Officer
UN Resident & Humanitarian Coordinator’s Office for Somalia
Email: sonya.green@undp.org
Tel: (254 2) 448434 
Fax: (254 2) 448434 
Website: www.reliefweb.int/appeals  www.unsomalia.org


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All information on presented is the opinion of authoring individuals and agencies as credited. Inclusion of any material on this site in no way suggests official United Nations endorsement. Copyright 2000 UNDP Somalia.


To view full CAP 2001

to view press release from HQ

>Flash< (November 2000)

This Flash highlights household food security issues in areas that are affected by the livestock ban (mainly northern and central regions of Somalia), and is not an analysis of the macro-economic impact or health issues related to the ban.

full report (Pdf format)




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