At the invitation of Hon. Marsden Madoka, Minister
for Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation of the
Republic of Kenya, IGAD Ministers for Foreign Affairs, Dr.
Mustafa Osman Ismail of the Sudan, current Chairman of the
IGAD Council of Ministers, Seyoum Mesfin of Ethiopia, Ali
Abdi Farah of Djibouti, Col. Kahinda Otafiire, Minister of
State for Foreign Affairs of Attalla Hamad Bashir, Executive
Secretary of IGAD attended the IGAD Foreign Ministers
Committee Meeting on Somalia held in Nairobi on 14th
Observers present at the Opening Session included
members of the Diplomatic Corps resident in Kenya, members
of the IGAD Partners’ Forum, the European Union and a
representative of the United Nations.
In conformity with the Resolution with the 9th
Khartoum IGAD Foreign Ministers reviewed the Somalia
National Reconciliation Process with particular emphasis on
its current status, the situation in Somalia and the
concerns of the Frontline States and the region.
In addition, the committee discussed at length the
harmonization of the reconciliation process under the aegis
of IGAD and considered ways and means of moving forward the
The Ministerial Committee expressed concern regarding
the grave situation in Somalia over the last decade whose
spill-over effects had impacted negatively beyond that
country’s borders posing a threat to peace, security and
stability in the region.
While noting that the Frontline States had born the
socio-economic fallout of the crisis, it further noted that
the conflict in Somalia had resulted in an exodus of
refugees to neighboring countries and that arms destined to
factions had contributed to illicit trade and proliferation
of small arms leading to insecurity.
It was noted that a worsening of the security
situation in Somalia could have a disastrous impact on the
precarious humanitarian situation in that country.
The Committee observed that the absence of a central
authority over the last decade in Somalia had created a
situation whereby terrorists and extremist groups operate
freely in Somalia thereby threatening the national security
of neighboring states.
It urged the TNG an all other parties in Somalia to
commit themselves to combat terrorism in all its forms.
The committee also reiterated that the establishment
of peace and governance in combating terrorism in Somalia
The urgent need of intensifying efforts in the
national reconciliation process aimed at working towards a
broad based and all-inclusive government while maintaining
the sovereignty, territorial integrity and unity of the
country was underscored.
In this context, the Committee appealed to all Somali
political leaders to participate in the reconciliation
process in the interest t of their people and country.
The Committee reiterated its commitment to a
comprehensive, just and lasting political settlement to the
problems of Somalia.
The Committee was briefed on the efforts being
undertaken by the Transitional National Government (TNG) of
Somalia to facilitate implementation of the Agreement it
signed with some Somali factions in Nakuru, Kenya, on 24th
December, 2001. It
welcomed the TNG’s willingness to co-operate with the
international community in combating terrorism.
The Committee recognized the achievements attained
thus far in the reconciliation process in the endeavor to
work towards establishing an all-inclusive political
framework in Somalia. To
this end, a Technical Committee comprising the Frontline
States (Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti) chaired by Kenya and
including the IGAD Secretariat was established to work out
modalities to facilitate the proposed national
Reconciliation Conference for Somalia.
It was decided that Kenya convenes the Conference
during the 2nd half of April 2002, that would
include the TNG and all other Somali parities without any
Technical Committee’s mandate was outlined as follows:
Draw up the terms of reference for the conference;
Determine criteria for participation;
Decide on number of participants;
Monitor and guide the peace process;
Report to the chairman of the Council of Ministers;
Propose convening of a Ministerial Committee Meeting
if necessary and
Work out the budget for the peace process.
It was decided that the IGAD Secretariat in
conjunction with the current Chair o f the IGAD Council of
Ministers and the Foreign Ministers of the Frontline States
will be responsible for sourcing for funds.
The Ministerial Committee appealed to the
international community and humanitarian agencies to
continue providing assistance to Somalia.
In particular, it appealed for the active involvement
of the United Nations in the Somali National Reconciliation
process in the rehabilitation, and restoration of peace and
stability in Somalia. It
underlined that the effort to resolve the crisis in Somalia
was a collective objective that required each and
At the end of the meeting, the IGAD Foreign Ministers
expressed their gratitude and appreciation to Hon. Marsden
Madoka, the Government and the people of Kenya for the warm
welcome and hospitality accorded them during their stay in
at Nairobi on 14th February, 2002