19 May 2007 04:20


  • Title: [SW Feature] The Genocide File - Genocide in Galkayo ...
  • Posted by/on:[AAJ] [9 Feb 2001]

Somalia Watch will serialize under The Genocide File the documented acts of Genocide  and other serious human Rights abuses committed to the Somali  people in the last 20-30 years. The documents we use shall be authentic to the best of our knowledge and will give sources and references whenever possible.

We also invite the contribution of our readers to the efforts of exposing the truth. Anyone with a genuine story to tell about the subject matter is welcome to send his/her contribution to Somalia Watch.  We shall use all the stories judged to be genuine. Names of the contributors shall not be used unless SW is instructed otherwise. 

Management - SW Jan 01


The Genocide File 

Genocide In Galcayo

(USC's assault In the Mudug Region)

by Concerned Somalis

March 19, 1991


This document was released by a group called  the Concerned Somalis on 19 March,1991 in Washington DC in a protest against a genocide committed in Galkayo. The Release describes some of the atrocities of the USC fighters against the civilian population of the town.


Genocide In Galcayo

(USC's assault In the Mudug Region)

Concerned Somalis -  March 19, 1991


At 3:00 A.M. on February 26th , 1991, the USC attacked Galcayo, the capital of the Mudug region in the central rangeland of Somalia. Initially, 1000 highly trained commandoes infiltrated the city, entered the homes of the civilian population and slaughtered the women, the children, the disabled and the elderly. Simultaneously, professional soldiers armed with heavy artillery and rockets bombarded Galcayo indiscriminately. Recent reports estimated the civilian casualty to number 500 dead ,1000 wounded and 200 hostages. On February 28th 1991, USC London office announced that the city of Galcayo was " liberated from the remnants of the Siyad Barre's regime."

This assault was directed against the civilian population of the Darood clan that inhabit the Mudug and Bari regions. USC carefully and meticulously planned the operation, targeting the elders, the intellectuals and the business men and their families for elimination prior to the indiscriminate bombardment of the city.

Astonishingly, the attack on Galcayo followed after USC sent a well known Somali nationalist, Mohamed Abshir Muse ( a prominent Darood) as an envoy to extend USC's willingness to include the Mudug and the Bari region in a reconciliation talks. Despite, the reign of terror in Mogadisho against all Darood Civilians, the Mudug and Bari regions were willing to negotiation with the USC to establish a post Siyad Barre democratic government and an end to bloodshed and destruction.

Unfortunately, the Galcayo attack was nothing but a genocide attack based on extermination of Darood clan. The question is what did USC achieve by attacking Galcayo and why did the USC attack Galcayo?

1. In the Galcayo attack the majority of the dead and the wounded were women, children and elders over 70 years of age . Some of the elders and their families who were butchered by the USC are:

Warsame Abdi Xoosh ( 85 years old)

Jamac Bixi (78 years old)

Mohamud Haji Xassan (70 years old)

Ahmed Xashi ( nickname Xudi, over 80 years old

Mohamud Mahad (78 years old)

Mohamud Ali Nur (70 years old)

These elders were prominent men who had opposed the Barre's regime and had been subjected to frequent detention and abuses.

2.  The attached USC communiqué dated March 3,1991 attests that USC had waged a " large scale offensive aimed at liberating Mudug and Majerteenia regions" and the communiqué gleefully claims that USC had " smashed the rest of Faqash ( enemy) forces." This press release clearly shows USC's motivation in attacking Galcayo.

First of all, Galkayo was liberated from Siyad Barre's forces long before the United Somali Congress was formed in 1989 and before the civil war reached Mogadisho. Galcayo is the capital city of the Mudug region which gave rise to the first popular appraisal and armed insurgency against the Barre regime. The Somali Salvation Democratic front, (SSDF) formed in 1978, waged a bitter battle against Barre's armed forces for over a decade in the Mudug and Majarteenia regions. The Barre dictatorship retaliated against the civilian population with mass massacre, prosecution, indefinite detention, and summary execution of dissidents. Siyad Barre's professional army were instructed to destroy the towns, poison the wells and rape the women. At the time Siyad Barre enjoyed the support of most Somali clans, and this campaign were carried out by army composed of all clans. In fact, General Galaal, who is today the commander of the USC militia attacking Kismayo and the southern regions, in 1980 was the commander of the Barre's army that committed the brutal atrocities in the Mudug and Majerteenia.

Ironically, Siyad Barre considered the clans that inhabit the Mudug and Majerteenia as threat to his regime. In a systematic manner, Siyad Barre's regime destroyed these regions socially and the economically. The main exports of Majerteenia and Mudug are livestock, hides and skins and frankincense and myrrh. By decree, The export of frankincense and myrrh, and hides and skins were made illegal and the right to export were given to Siyad Barre's cronies. The Bossaso port which used to be the main port for the export of livestock, was inactivated and the trade was diverted to the ports of Mogadisho and Berbera.

The economic war waged against Mudug and Majerteenia region by the Barre's regime, was coupled with political repression of elders and intellectuals from these regions. In early 1980's the SSI)F operated radio Kulmis which used to broadcast the atrocities committed by the Barre's regime, and use to urge the Somalis to unite against the Barre's dictatorship. Unfortunately, it took a decade before other regions followed suit and revolted against the dictatorship. By 1989, Mudug and Majerteenia has become in all aspect independent from Barre's regime and established an administrative rule,

3. The USC communiqué also characterizes SSDF forces lead by Ali Badiyo and Jamac Ali Jamac as the enemy and claims that the " so called" SSDF have been defeated. It is incredible that Ali Badiyo and Jamac Ali Jamac who have been in solitary confinement for 10 and 19 years respectively are now considered enemies while Mohamed Aidid, Siyad Barre's ambassador to India as late as 1987 is now the" liberator." According to the USC communiqué, Mohamed Aidid is the " Commander in Chief of the USC military forces and the de facto leader."

Hence considering the above mentioned facts one can only conclude that USC attacked Galcayo not to liberate but to consolidate the political power of all of Somalia into the hands of the USC. The USC is exclusively clan based and can not be elevated to a national level, unless the aim is to establish another dictatorship. Unfortunately ,what USC achieved is: a) hundreds of unsuspecting civilians have been butchered. b) the city of Galcayo had been destroyed. c) the national reconciliation has been postponed indefinitely. d) USC ignited a war against the civilians in the central rangeland. e) it has dealt a blow to Somali nationalism. f) it has brought instability into the central rangeland of Somalia. g) it has transformed the conflict to USC against SSDF and its allies, In conclusion, the Galcayo attack made the USC a major shareholder in the record of human rights abuses in Somalia.


Source Pages :  Genocide in Galkayo ( page 15) (Page 16)

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