19 May 2007 04:15


  • [SW Country] Update 10,  -  Peace, Reconciliation and Conflict Resolution Seminar on Puntland State of Somalia  :Posted on [05/19/07 04:15 ]

Puntland Peace Mission (PPM) The 2nd Stage of the Mission

 Third Progress Report  , 4-17 April 2002.

Garowe, 13 April 2002

To: H.E. Mrs. Inga Bjork-Klevby

Ambassador of Sweden, Nairobi, Kenya,

Copy H.E. Mr. Jama Ali Jama, Bosaso, Puntland State of Somalia

Subject: International Community Financial Support to Puntland Peace Mission PPM (Refer to Mr. Jama Ali Jama ‘s letter of 08 April 2002)

Dear Madam,

It is a great pleasure for the Puntland Peace Mission, PPM, to convey its congratulation to Your Excellency and to thank the government of Sweden for assisting the people of Puntland in engaging themselves in peace and reconciliation process and preventing conflicts and civil strife.

The peace process to be implemented by Puntland Peace Mission (PPM) and endorsed by the international community will include:

  1. Meetings with all parties to the conflict- traditional elders, religious and businessmen, intellectuals and politicians, state administration officials, civil societies such as women and youth groups, as the principal target groups,
  2. To prevent the current situation of stalemate to degenerate and result in war,
  3. To create the basis for peace through:

C.1 Preparing the ground for dialogue and discussion,

c.2 Raising the awareness of civil society, women and youth organizations,

c.3 Requesting the International Community to influence the peace process,

c.4 Encouraging the business community, the Diaspora and Intellectuals to commit themselves and their resources towards the peace process.

During the first week of activity of March 20th to 25th, the Puntland Peace Mission had two separate meetings with H.E. Jama Ali Jama and his close collaborators aiming at conveying the peace message and requesting him to support the peace initiative, clarifying the role of the Mission which is to facilitate the dialogue between the major actors, and preventing the existing political tension to increase.

Mr. Jama Ali Jama and his colleagues pointed out certain issues such as the search for solution on constitutional ground instead of convening Isimada Conference. He also requested to continue the discussion as soon as the PPM has completed its first round of talks.

With respect to the subject and recent comments raised by H.E Jama Ali Jama toward the Puntland Peace Mission that are included in the letter of 08 April 2002, two important points to mention are the following:

  1. The PPM and its members,
  2. Request for Suspension of international financial support to the Puntland Peace Mission.

In meetings and in the referred letter Mr. Jama Ali Jama has questioned the composition of the Mission by pointing out that four of the Mission were senior officials of former government of Col. Abdullahi Yusuf. This fact will not obviously diminish the stand of the mission, as there is nothing to object with the status and integrity of Eng. Kulmie who signed the letter as being now a Minister of Jama administration and former Deputy Minister of Public Works of Mr. Abdullahi Yusuf’s administration previously.

The Puntland peace initiative is actually gaining momentum and audience among many sectors of civil society and represents in this moment the major topic of discussion and interest for the community. It has introduced a modern way of solving conflict and problems by extending the spectrum of participation to the entire society without excluding the traditional Isimo, elders and the two political rivals. This approach has been well received by most of the community except the two political antagonists- Mr. Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed and Mr. Jama Ali Jama- who showed uneasiness with mixed reactions and attitude. The international community in general and Your Excellency in particular have committed them to endorse the PPM in order to prevent that the current conflict might scale into a civil war. The PPM activities have so far resulted in visible achievements especially in the beleaguered city of Garowe and great enthusiasm in Bosaso and Galkayo. Undoubtedly there are, however, war clouds over the sky and persistent expression of threat from some quarters.

More than ever before Your government and the international community have therefore the moral obligations to continue assisting the PPM and this industrious and peaceful community of Puntland with financial support and human resources expertise to encourage the on going dialogue, the reconciliation process, the Isimo conference and eventually the settlement of Puntland constitutional crisis by international jury. Even if the present PPM effort did not produce effective results, the initiative must continue to contain the crisis.

With the assurance, Madam, of our utmost cooperation, we remain.

Dr. Abdirahman Sheikh Nur, Chairman, PPM


Phone +254 (0)2 71 96 00 Fax +(0)2 71 41 77
Diakinia-S@kenyaweb.com www.diakinia.se

Box 61333
Nairobi, Kenya
Visiting Address:Kindaruma Road


Mudane Jama Ali Jama,

Bosaso, Puntland State, Somalia,

E-mail: attirm@yahoo.com

Dear Sir,

SUBJECT: Your letter of 27th March, 2002 concerning the Peace Process in Puntland

Thank you for your e-mail letter of the above title dated 27th March 2002, and for your expression of appreciation and gratitude to Diakonia, Sweden and other members of the international community for their “generous efforts to contribute to peace and reconciliation in Puntland”. Your other remarks of trust, appreciation and critical advice on Diakonia’s humanitarian, development and peace promotion activities in Puntland are appreciated and carefully noted. Allow me to respond to your concerns by putting the development and proceedings of the peace project in clear perspective with a view to clarify the role of Diakonia and its objectives in the current Puntland peace process.

Firstly, Diakonia and the international community responded to appeals from Puntland traditional and civil society leaders requesting the international community to support peace and reconciliation initiatives of the Puntland community. These endeavours were later discussed with political leaders, including your good self by telephone, correspondence and personal conversation in your Serena Hotel room in Nairobi during your last visit here in December last year. Your letter of March 1st, 2002, saying, “I am pleased to inform you that we welcome all efforts enabling Puntland overcome the current destabilization endeavour and expresses it’s readiness to support any move to that purpose”, we assumed sincere support. Copies of the Peace, Reconciliation and Conflict Prevention project were given to you, Mudane Abdullahi Yusuf and other Puntland parties for their information and comments long before the process started. Your Minister for International Relations, Mr. M. Kulmiye, and your political advisor, Mr Ahmed Abbas, were fully briefed about the Project while they were in Nairobi during last December, January and February. We received no communication criticizing or objecting to the Project from your office until your March 27th letter. On the contrary, your March 1st letter mentioned above welcomed it. We consider ourselves, therefore, to have been transparent and cooperative with all concerned.

Secondly, It should be understood that the Peace, Reconciliation and Conflict Prevention (PRCP) document, was simply a project proposal assessing the extent of the crisis in Puntland and suggesting possible approaches and solutions. It was particularly necessary for Diakonia and donors to reach decisions on whether to support the project. The PRCP IS NOT a Puntland conflict resolution programme. Such a programme is the responsibility of the people of Puntland to develop and manage it.

Thirdly, The Puntland peace process is totally owned and operated by the people of Puntland. The Resources Persons Team (RPT), now renamed themselves as the Puntland Peace Mission (PPM), is leading the process from the Seminar phase in Kenya to its final conclusion. The PPM has formulated their own conflict resolution programme, approaches and strategy, on which they are consulting with political, traditional and civic leaders in Puntland. We understand your Excellency have been one of the first persons they briefed and consulted about their mission. Diakonia does not interfere in their work in any way at all. We believe the members of the PPM, who represent most the sectors of the society, to be responsible and committed members of the Puntland community and that they have the best interest of the people at heart. Many of them came from long distances, leaving their families, sacrificed their time and occupations in order to serve the people in their efforts to achieve peace and reconciliation in Puntland.

Finally, Diakonia’s objective is to support the people of Somalia in their efforts to achieve peace, good governance and equitable socio-economic development. As you are no doubt aware all its present activities in Puntland are directed towards these goals. Its role in this peace process is merely to facilitate a forum for dialogue, where the people of Puntland could have the opportunity to discuss ways of resolving the current crisis that has been going on for the last eight months, disturbing the peace and stability of the region and interrupting the smooth delivery of humanitarian and development services.

It is encouraging to note your readiness to meet with Mudane Abdullahi Yusuf that you “are kin to give high consideration as to any political mediation between official delegations headed respectively by former and current presidents, in the context of state constitutionality”. Your suggestion on possible legal or constitutional arbitration by neutral, international legal experts could be one of the options at the dialogue forum the PPM are organizing. But decision on what viable option for solution to the crisis to adopt is for the people of Puntland to make.

With the assurance, Sir, of our utmost cooperation, we remain,

Yours truly,

For and on behalf of Diakonia Sweden

Mohamed Abdi Ali, Country Director


Cc: H.E. Kjell Harald Dalen, Ambassador of Norway in Kenya, Nairobi.

Cc: H.E. Ambassador Carlo Ungaro, Italian Special Envoy for Somalia, Nairobi

Cc: Glen S. Warren, Political Officer, U.S. Embassy, Nairobi

Cc: Per Lindgarde, Counsellor, Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Sweden, Nairobi

Cc: Dr. Walid Musa, Senior Political Advisor, EU Somali Unit,Nairobi – Kenya

Cc: Andrea Tamagnini, Country Director, UNDP Somalia, Nairobi, Kenya

Cc: Eva Johansson, 1st Secretary, Swedish Embassy, Nairobi

  1. [SW Column] ( Courtesy APL - Xusuus-qor WeriyeFaalo: Dadaalka Ergeda Nabadeed Ee Puntland Ma Guulaysan doonaa. :Posted on [10 April 2002]

  2. [Puntland Peace Mission WebPage]  Summary of Progress Reports on The Puntland Peace Mission   Posted 10 April 2002

  3. [PPM web] Puntland Charter Legal Interpretation :  Posted 10 April 2002

  4. [PPM web]  Puntland Peace Mission Statement: Posted 10 April 2002

  5. [PPM web] Puntland Peace Reconcilition Project Proposal : Posted 10 April 2002



Puntland Peace Mission (PPM) - Committee Names 


Chairing committee

1. Abdurahman Shiekh Nuur

2. Mohamed Jama (Booralaaye)

3. Fadumo Jama Jibril


4. Abdishakur Sh. M. Abdulle (Horeeye) - Also a member of Comm. for Diaspora & Professionals

5. Abdirahman Sh. Mohamed (Faroole)

6. Shire Haji Farah - Also a member of Comm. for Diaspora & Professionals

7. Abdirahman Hussein Jibril

8. Hawo Aden Mohamed (Camay)

Commission for Women & Youth

9. Abdi Mohamed Aden

10. Abdulaahi Sh. Ahmed

11. Abdurahman Abdulle (Shuuke)

12. Hawa Ali Jama

13. Ibahim Guure

14. Jama Cusman Ahmed

15. Mohamed Hassan Yousef

Commission for Isimo, religious groups, and tribal leaders

16. Abdurahman Mohamud Ali Bayr

17. Abshir Muuse Sa'eed

18. Ahmed Aden (Dheere)

19. Ali Haji Abdulle

20. Awil Ahmed Yousef

21. Jama Salah Isma'iil

22. Osman Mohamed Samatar

23. Omar Salah ( Canjeex)

Commission for Diaspora & Professionals

24. Abdulaziz Sh. Ali

25. Qasim Ali Jama

26. Abdurazaq Husein Egal (Ayme)

27. Abdishakur Sh. M. Abdulle (Horeeye) - Also a member of Secretariat

28. Shire Haji Farah - Also a member of Secretariat

29. Mohamed Hassan Yousef

30. Salah Mohamud Irbad

31. Ruqiya Aden Jama

  Ergada Nabadaynta Puntland oo iska fogeeyay eedayn uu Jamac Cali Jamac ku sheegay inay ka dambeeyeen dagaalkii Boosaaso ka dhacay todaabkii hore dhamaadkiisa.

2 April 2002

"Courtesy of AllPuntland"

Kornayl Jamac Cali Jaamac ayaa Sabtidii ku eedeeyay ergada Nabadaynta Puntland inay iyagu ka dambeeyeen dagaalkii khamiistii ka dhacay Boosaaso oo ilaaladiisu weerarka 5 qof ku dhimatay ay ku qabsatay xarunta gobolka Bari ee Boosaaso.


Ergada nabadaynta ayaa eedayntaas ku tilmaamay mid aan jirin oo isla markaana   ka soo horjeeda Barnaamijkooda iyo ujeeddooyinkooda oo ay yiraahdeen waa kuwo Nabadayn iyo dib u heshiisiin ah. 


Warsaxaafadeed ergadu ay ka soosaareen Gaalkacyo oo ay iminka ku marayaan safarkoodii Nabadaynta ee ay ka soo bilaabeen Boosaaso ayay ku sheegeen  in guddigu haba yaraatee aysan wax lug ah ku lahayn dagaalkii ka dhacay Boosaaso, iyagoo dhammaan dhinacyada is haya ugu baaqay in ay dagaalka joojiyaan, islamarkaana xallinta qilaafaadka jira ay u daayaan Isimada iyo waxgaradka ku hawlan si bay yiraahdeen gobolka Bari uu u noqdo mid nabadgalyadiisu fiican tahay.


Warsaxaafadeedka ka soo baxay ergada Nabadaynta Puntland waxaa ku saxiixnaa gudoomiyaha ergada Cabdiraxmaan Sheekh Nuur.

Jamaal Faarax Aaden

AllPuntland Gaalkacyo

MW/DPS/RPT010402/2002      Galkayo, April 01,2002


The President of Puntland State of Somalia has warmly received last night a delegation of Resources Persons Team (RPT) from Puntland Peace and Reconciliation Project conceived recently in Nairobi, Kenya. 

The debate proceeded in an atmosphere of frankness and eagerness to resolve peacefully the existing constitutional impasse in Puntland State of Somalia.

The parties agreed to preserve peace and unity of Puntland State of Somalia. All participants of the meeting expressed satisfaction on the outcome of the talks on reconciliation within Puntland State. 

The President finally advised the RPT to see all segments of the society with an open mind to find out the root causes of the disharmony in our society. The President, however, expressed doubts whether reconciliation was possible with religious extremists and agents of the Arta Faction whose sole purpose was to destabilize and destroy Puntland State.   The President, however, advised the team not to get discouraged by the complexities of the tasks ahead and offered his full cooperation for common good and in the vital interests of Puntland State of Somalia.  

Ismail H. Warsame, Chief of Cabinet

[SW Country] Diakonia’s Proposal on Peace, Reconciliation and Conflict Prevention in Puntland. (JAJ's response)  :Posted on [30 Mar 02]

Puntland Peace Mission (PPM) Arrives Bosaso City: 

Adam Buryar - Email:buryare@hotmail.com, 21 Mar 2002  

The strong 29-member of the Mission left Nairobi with two chartered aircrafts this morning (Wednesday 20/3/02) and arrived Bosaso at around 1400 hours local time. They were welcomed by thousands of the people of Bosaso waving flags and green branches. All the elders of Bari Region in Bosaso at the time led these welcoming masses.
A motorcade of over 110 vehicles drove the Mission to their place of residence.

Before leaving Nairobi, the Mission met with officials of many major Embassies, and international organizations, all of who came to visit them at their Hotel. The visitors included major powers and international organizations like the USA, Italy, Sweden, Norway, Netherlands, UN and EU.

In Nairobi, the Mission also contacted governments, organizations and personalities considered as external complicating factors in the Puntland Political crisis and appealed to them to refrain from further interference in Puntland affairs.  

Also before leaving Nairobi, the group elected its Chair, Secretariat and operational committees. The Chair consists of Lawyer Abdirahman Sh. Nur, Chairperson, Dr Mohamed Jama Bodelaaye, Vice-Chairperson and Mrs Faduma Jibril, Vice-Chairperson. A strong team of Secretariat has also been established. Other organizational committees of the PPM activities include traditional, religious, political, civil society and women/youth.  

From Bosaso, the Puntland Peace Mission (PPM) will proceed to Gardo, Garowe, Galkayo, Las Anod, etc. etc.

Update: Seminar on Peace and Reconciliation in Puntland

Adam Buryar - Email:buryare@hotmail.com, 16 Mar 2002

The Seminar on Peace and Reconciliation in Puntland State of Somalia opened at Aberdare Country Club in Kenya on Monday 11, 2002. Almost all the invited 35 Puntlanders from the Diaspora and Puntland itself attended the Seminar, albeit the group from Puntland was delayed for two days due to travel technicalities.
The participants include professionals, politicians, aged sages, academicians, women, business persons, civil society organizations and members of the public. They come from all regions of Puntland and from all sectors of society.

On the 4th day of their deliberations, the participants showed common purpose and shared views on the Puntland situation and on ways and means to enable the leaders of Puntland to meet in an appropriate, convenient forum, where they would discuss permanent peace, reconciliation and the safeguarding of the Puntland State entity. They covered wide area on the origins and sources of the political conflict in the region, briefed themselves on the current situation as well as highlighting contributing external factors. They emphasized the need for objectivity and unity in their approach and search for an all-inclusive peaceful dialogue, particularly among the traditional elders.

Both the Seminar participants and Diakonia received many suggestions and messages of support and encouragement from Puntlanders at home and abroad. The participants will be proceeding to Puntland after the Seminar to embark on the 2nd phase of the peace and reconciliation process to ensure that the process leads to a positive and productive conclusion in Puntland, where the mission is eagerly awaited by the masses of Puntland.
The Seminar is expected to conclude on March 17th with a Statement of its
outcome to be issued at a reception to be held in Nairobi. 

PRESS STATEMENT ( by Diakonia )

Nairobi, March13, 2002

An internationally organized Peace, Reconciliation and Conflict Resolution Seminar on Puntland State of Somalia opened today at the Aberdare Country Club in Kenya. Over 35 Somali participants include 15 members of the Diaspora from many parts of the world, and 20 members from all sectors of the civil society in Puntland itself. International experts on conflict resolution and management will also attend the Seminar to make presentations on conflicts in other parts of the world and experiences of the different ways they were dealt with. At the end of the Seminar, all the participants will travel to Puntland to meet with traditional, political and community leaders as well as with members of all sectors of the society.

The Seminar, which is facilitated by Diakonia Sweden, is the first phase of a 3-phase internationally supported peace initiative in Puntland with the objective to help the people in the region in their efforts to have a forum for peace dialogue on the current political and constiutional crisis there. The second and third phases of the peace process - Puntland Elders' Meeting on conflict resolution and civil society peace lobby respectively - will take place inside Puntland.

This peace initiative follows strong public demand for peace and reconciliation in Puntland as well as elders' and civil society requests to the international community to support and facilitate such peace initiative. The international community responded positively to these community peace appeals in order (1) to encourage the maintenance of peace and stability that has been preserved by the people of Puntland over the last 10 years, (2) to restart the much needed but stalled humanitarian and development projects in the region, and (3) to create the necessary environment for Puntland to effectively participate in the national reconciliation process. Thus, Diakonia Sweden offered to faciliate a forum for peace dialogue in Puntland.

Diakonia is a Swedish NGO working in many parts of the developing world with the mission to contribute to the achievement of a more just world in which all the people have peace, the right to a dignified life, liberty and equal opportunity. It began operating in Puntland in 1994. Diakonia's multi-sector activities in Puntland cover the vital areas of education, water, gender equality, human rights, legal programs and economic justice.

The 8-month old Puntland politico-constitutional conflict is due disagreement by two parties on the interpretation of Puntland's 3-year transitional Charter which was expiring on June 31st 2001. President Abdullahi Yusuf's party contended that the Charter term and his government's mandate were extendable and had them extended by group of elders and the parliament, whilst the other party and other group of elders insisted the Charter was not extendable and called for a new Congress, which elected Jama Ali Jama as the new President of Puntland. The resultant situation in Puntland is that there are now two confronting administrations, divided traditional elders and increasing tension that could lead to an armed conflict.

The Seminar and all the phases of the Puntland peace process are solely managed and owned by the people of Puntland. The role of Diakonia Sweden and the international community is merely to facilitate peace and reconciliation process and to enable the community - traditional, political, religious and community leaders, civil society and its Diaspora members - to realize their primary goal of convening a meeting of all the elders to defuse the current crisis and resolve the conflict through their traditional, legal and political mechanisms.

Diakonia Sweden expresses its gratitude to the Government of Kenya for its assistance in the realization of the Seminar. The support and encouragement of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs are highly appreciated, particularly at this juncture when Kenya has taken the lead in the renewed IGAD effort on the Somali national reconciliation process, for which peace and reconciliation in Puntland will have a positive impact.


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