Aden Abdulle Osman Daar
Aden Daar was the first sitting president of the Somalia nation. He served as president for seven years beginning July 1960. Daar was a part of the Somali Youth League beginning in 1944. The Somali Youth League lobbied for Somalia to become independent. His participation within the party began with his position as a secretary as he eventually became the lead of the political party. During the 1967 election, Daar lost his bid for reelection to another opponent.
Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
The successor to the Daar’s presidential seat was Abdirashid Ali Shermarke. Prior to the independence of Somalia, Shermarke was elected to the Legislative Assembly. He held this position until the Daar received the first presidential seat with the new Somalia nation. Daar appointed him as Prime Minister for the length of his presidential term. During the 1967 elections, he received the winning bid for president against his predecessor. He was assassinated in 1969 during a coup take over unfortunately.
Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
Sheikh was interestingly enough only the president for a week following the assassination of the former president and the Somali invasion. He was the speaker of the Somali parliament prior to his induction as president. Hussein spent about two decades in politics prior to his brief stint as president. Before he began his path of politics, he was a successful businessman whose businesses benefited from expansion into other cities.
Ali Mahdi Muhammad
Muhammad’s professional career began with his entrepreneur endeavors in the country’s capital Mogadishu. From this, he transitioned into politics. After the takeover by Siad Barre’s administration, political officials were being executed left and right. Few managed to survive these attacks. After unpopularity of the Barre’s administration, outside communities held conference in neighboring Dijibouti. It was at this council that Muhammad was recognized by international communities as Somalia’s new president. Unfortunately, his power was limited within the capital area.
Abdiqasim Salad Hassan
Following the Barre’s administration, a new central government was put into place called the Transitional National Government. Abdiqasim Hassan was the first president within this new central government. He was the Interior Minister and Finance Minister within the Barre administration. His education background included graduating from Moscow State University from the biology department.
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
Abdullahi was sworn in as the second president of the Transitional National Government. His tenure lasted from 2004 until 2008. His political career started to rise as he founded the Somali Salvation Democratic front. He also served as the first president of Puntland State of Somalia. Puntland was an autonomous region at the time following the Barre administration.
Sharif Sheikh Ahmed
Sharif was the seventh president within the Somali nation. From 2009 until the summer of 2012, he oversaw the state of the nation including the political conflicts within his own government. Ahmed was the commander in chief of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) before his presidency. The ICU was the group opposing the Transitional National government installed within Somalia. He was multilingual. The languages he was fluent in included Arabic, Somali, Italian, and English. During his youth, he received a bachelor’s degree in law and Islamic Shania. He won his presidency by a landslide at each round of voting which was evident during his tenure.
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Six days after the 2012 election, Hassan was inaugurated as the 8th president of Somalia. He currently still is the sitting president. Education served as his first professional career prior to his inauguration. He was an instructor and department head before the start of his political career. If you want to find out more about the current sitting president, be sure to check out my blog post on his life from start to now.